The good news is ceiling cracks don’t necessarily indicate structural damage. Many times, they’re caused by paint or plaster buildup over the years. However, a ceiling crack could be a sign of a serious foundation issue. It depends on the size, type, and location of the crack.
This article will provide you with helpful information on the different types of ceiling cracks, their causes, when to worry about a ceiling crack, repair options, and more.
So, Do You Need To Worry About A Ceiling Crack?
Not necessarily. Some ceiling cracks are caused by natural settlement in older structures, or paint or plaster buildup. While they may look unsightly, these types of ceiling cracks usually aren’t anything to worry about. However, sometimes a ceiling crack can be a sign there’s a serious issue with your home’s foundation.
Ceiling Cracks: Causes and Solutions
Ceiling cracks are a common issue homeowners may face at some point. While some ceiling cracks may be harmless, others may indicate a problem with your home’s foundation. Here’s what you need to know about ceiling cracks:
Causes of Ceiling Cracks
There are various causes of ceiling cracks, including the following:
- Structural Damage – One of the leading causes of ceiling cracks is structural damage. This can be caused by various factors, including differential foundation settlement, or when a building’s foundation is settling unevenly into the ground. See the infographic below for an illustration of the difference between uniform and differential settlement.
- Natural Settlement – As a building ages, it’s natural for it to settle a little bit into the ground. This slight settlement can cause cracks not only in the ceiling but also in the walls and floors.
- Moisture Damage – Ceiling cracks can also occur due to moisture damage. Leaky roofs or plumbing issues can cause this.
- Heavy Load on Ceiling – Another cause of ceiling cracks is the weight of items on the floor above the ceiling. This might be something like a heavy bathtub.
- Poorly Installed Drywall – Drywall that hasn’t been properly installed is also a common cause of ceiling cracks. This can happen when drywall joints weren’t properly taped.
Repair Solutions For Ceiling Cracks
The correct repair solution for a ceiling crack depends on the cause of the crack. If the cracks are minor and don’t indicate structural damage, they can be repaired with simple DIY techniques such as painting over them or filling them with putty.
On the other hand, if the crack was caused by a foundation problem, it’s essential to call a foundation repair contractor to assess the situation. The contractor may suggest underpinning the foundation by installing push or helical piers. After the piers are in place, a synchronized hydraulic lifting system raises the house to maximum practical level. Underpinning stabilizes the foundation by extending its depth to the load-bearing strata or bedrock. Any cracks caused by differential settlement will typically close up after underpinning, although small cracks might remain in some cases.
For more information about underpinning, see Underpinning: The Foundation Solution That Works.
Types Of Ceiling Cracks
As we’ve mentioned above, some ceiling cracks are just ugly and aren’t a cause for concern. We could say that these ceiling cracks are normal. Unfortunately, not all ceiling cracks fall into this category.
Thin, spiderweb cracks on the ceiling plaster or paint are usually nothing to worry about. They may occur due to seasonal temperature changes that cause minimal building movement.
- A large-ish crack that runs across the ceiling and down the wall is a strong indication of structural damage. If you see one of these, contact a foundation repair professional immediately.
- Ceiling cracks accompanied by sagging also require immediate attention.
- While one small ceiling crack usually isn’t anything to worry about, multiple small ceiling cracks in the same area indicate more than normal movement and should be evaluated.
When To Worry About Ceiling Cracks
If you see any of the following, it’s time to worry because as we’ve just noted above, these are serious ceiling cracks:
- A single, continuous crack across the ceiling and down a wall
- A ceiling that’s both cracked and sagging
- Many small ceiling cracks
Any gaps between the wall and the ceiling should also be inspected by a foundation repair contractor because this is a common sign of differential settlement.
If you see any suspicious ceiling cracks, look around for other signs of structural damage:
- Uneven floors that sag or slope
- Doors and windows that stick
- Cracks in flooring that go all the way across the floor
- Cracked or bowed walls
- Cracked or out-of-place moldings
- Stair step cracks in brickwork or masonry
- Walls that are separating from the ceiling or floor
- Porches or chimneys that have separated from the house
- Water in the basement caused by cracks in the foundation wall
Don’t take ceiling cracks lightly. If you see a ceiling crack in your Chicagoland home, contact The Real Seal today to schedule a free foundation evaluation. If we find a problem, we’ll give you a repair estimate.